New university campuses are taking shape in the form of "innovation districts". These neighbourhoods are more than simply office parks, they epitomise a new way to produce and live, connecting people, research, ideas, and businesses 24 hours a day. The driving force behind innovation districtsis co-location and efficiency (often they come hand-in-hand): bringing together education, research, commercialisation activities, as well as housing, restaurants, bars and cafes. At the core is a top research university, with a catalytic concentration of talents with diverse skills/experiences, which is the key conditions for these innovation districts to grow.
Having all the ingredients right to plant the seeds of innovation is not a trivial matter. Some of the world's top universities are precursors in that respect, reinventing how people learn, carry research, interact to tackle the multi-disciplinary challenges of the 21st century. Leading the way are Columbia University's Manhattanville Campus (17 are, $6.8 billions), Imperial College London's White City Campus (25 acre, £3 billions), UCSF Mission Bay Campus (57 acre, $3.3 billions), Cornell Tech on Roosvelt Island (12 acre, $2 billions), and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with its Kendall Square development (26 acre, $1 billions). The details of these emerging campuses, where startups and business meet research, are presented below in order of total cost of the projects. Notably, these precursor institutions are all American, with the exeption of Imperial College London in the United Kingdom, and are all regarded as some of the best globally (discover the full ranking here ).
The Manhattanville campus will be a 17-acre site just north of Columbia's historic Morningside Heights campus, and consists primarily of the four large blocks from 129th to 133rd Streets between Broadway and Twelfth Avenue. The plan includes approximately 6.8 million square feet of space for teaching, research, underground parking, and support services. It features new facilities for civic, cultural, recreational, and commercial activity as well as a permanent site for the newly opened Columbia-assisted public secondary school for math, science, and engineering. And its improved, pedestrian-friendly streets and new publicly accessible open spaces will reconnect West Harlem to the new Hudson River waterfront park.
The first phase of the project will include the Jerome L. Greene Science Center, for research with implications for the treatment of Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, and other neurological diseases; new homes for Columbia Business School, the School of International and Public Affairs, and the School of the Arts; as well as a permanent site for the newly opened Columbia-assisted public secondary school for math, science, and engineering. Subsequent phases, to be completed over the next two decades, will emphasize interdisciplinary scholarship, including biomedical engineering, nanotechnology, systems biology, and urban and populations studies, as well as housing for graduate students and faculty.source: manhattanville.columbia.edu
Imperial's White City Campus will create a culture of research and innovation, electric with ideas. The campus will buzz with exchanges between students, researchers and entrepreneurs; a place where questions are posed and solutions found. Situated on Wood Lane, the new site will create a unique 25 acre mixed-use campus centred around the occupational requirements of Imperial College London. The campus is creating a culture of research and innovation to become a hub for researchers, entrepreneurs and students, in the heart of White City. Imperial’s future development will consolidate this area creating a world class centre for research, scientific development and economic growth. The overall White City campus will extend to over 278,700 sq m (3 million sq ft).
Construction of the £200 million Molecular Science Research and Translation & Innovation Hubs is underway and due for completion in mid-2016. The Translation & Innovation Hub will contain specialist R&D and spin-out spaces designed to accelerate the commercialisation of research. With over 48,000 square meters the hubs will house 1,000 engineers and scientists who will conduct innovative research and develop commercial applications. The buildings will incorporate a range of fully serviced laboratories, write-up and office spaces and provide scalable, high specification accommodation to translate and commercialise research and ideas.
White City Campus already hosts postgraduate accommodation, with over 500 postgraduates and early-career researchers living on the new campus. spin-outs, several significant technology companies, and more than 70 start-ups all in premises which have been rejuvenated for ‘meanwhile use’.source: www.imperial.ac.uk/white-city-campus
UCSF Mission Bay, where the first research building opened in 2003, has bloomed into a vibrant and vital campus and magnet to the booming San Francisco Bay Area biotechnology industry. With the medical center at Mission Bay, UCSF aims to transform academic medicine in part by translating basic science into clinical practice more rapidly through increased collaboration among scientists and clinicians, accelerating development of new diagnostic and treatment approaches for children, women and cancer patients, and training the next generation of health care practitioners using new tools and technology in facilities that foster teaching and learning.
Now, this major campus for UCSF’s research and education programs has become home to San Francisco’s first new hospital in 30 years. UCSF Medical Center at Mission Bay opened in February 2015, designed specifically to set new standards in patient care, and to support groundbreaking partnerships between basic science and clinical researchers that will speed the delivery of new therapies to benefit patients.source: www.ucsf.edu/about/locations/mission-bay
The Cornell Tech campus on Roosevelt Island will be an innovative, sustainable academic campus made up of a combination of state of the art academic space, executive education center/hotel, housing for faculty, students, and staff, and publicly accessible open space. The campus will be built in phases, with the first opening in 2017. Overall, over two million square feet of new space will be located in a series of architecturally dynamic buildings.
When our campus opens in 2017, there will new public space, buildings comprising approximately 710,000 square feet and an academic community of nearly 600 people. It will be a new type of urban campus that provides space to think, but one that is also intimately integrated — in both mission and design — with the city. At Cornell Tech, we don’t aim to just produce the next generation of technologists, but people who will have the skills and confidence to move beyond the familiar. So it’s only fitting that the school’s physical surroundings reflect that vision. The campus is at once a refuge in the wild and a place for discovery, alive with collaboration, both intellectually and physically. At full build in 2043, there will be 2 million square feet constructed on 12 acres serving an academic community of nearly 2,500 on Roosevelt Islandsource: tech.cornell.edu
On April 8, 2013, the City of Cambridge approved MIT’s petition to transform 26 acres of Institute-owned property in the Kendall Square/East Campus area in order to bring new vibrancy to the Kendall Square Innovation District. Kendall Square at MIT will create a unique district where academic-led research can connect and collaborate with industry-led innovation. At the same time, this home to world-class research and study will blend seamlessly with neighboring communities. The new zoning preserves existing academic development potential and enables the creation of new housing, retail, lab and commercial space, as well as more engaging open space and wayfinding. The plan, six years in the making, calls for six new buildings on what is now a string of parking lots along Main Street. In addition to academic and business uses, the complex would include apartments for graduate students and low-income tenants, stores, and a tree-covered plaza near the Charles River.source: kendallsquare.mit.edu